heat increment of feeding) in dairy cattle. Multiple body locations were infrared scanned concomitantly with the measurement of the animals’ gaseous exchange.
Infrared thermography can be successfully applied for assessing heat and methane production, through the analysis of feet temperature and temperature difference between left and right flanks, respectively. This technology is also useful for assessing physiological responses to milking and feeding. (c) 2008 Selleckchem PU-H71 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objectives: We sought to assess the 5-year neurocognition and health of an interprovincial inception cohort undergoing the arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries.
Methods: Sixty-nine consecutive neonates had operations from 1996-2003 with full-flow cardiopulmonary bypass and selective deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Outcomes were recorded at 58 +/- 9 months of age. Univariate and multivariate analyses
were used to identify outcome predictors, including surgical subtype and preoperative, operative, and postoperative variables.
Results: There was 1 (1.5%) operative death. Two children were lost to follow-up, and 1 was excluded because of postdischarge meningitis. Outcomes are reported for 65 survivors. Two (3%) MM-102 children have cerebral palsy, and 7 (11%) have language disorders, 4 of whom also meet the criteria for autism spectrum disorder. Two of the 4 children with autism have an affected older sibling. Of the 61 children without autism, scores approach those of peers, with a full-scale
intelligence quotient of 97 +/- 16, a verbal intelligence quotient of 97 +/- 18, a performance intelligence quotient of 96 +/- 15, and a visual-motor integration score of 95 +/- 16. Mother’s education, birth gestation or weight, and postoperative plasma lactate values account for 21% to 32% of the variance of these scores. Septostomy adds 7% to the variance of visual-motor Etomidate integration scores.
Conclusions: Most preschool children do well after surgical correction for transposition of the great arteries, including complex forms. Potentially modifiable variables include high preoperative plasma lactate levels and septostomy. A minority of children were given diagnoses of language disorders, including autism, in which familial factors likely contribute to outcome.”
“Evidence exists that action observation activates the same cortical motor areas that are involved in the performance of the observed actions. An untested idea is whether subcortical structures such as the basal ganglia play a role in the coding of other people’s actions. This study used kinematics to examine how Parkinson’s disease patients react to the observation of an action which they were subsequently requested to perform. In each trial a model and an observer, which could be either a Parkinsonian patient or a neurologically healthy participant, were seated facing each other.