The primary structure of Bombyx mori SF protein is characterized by
the presence of three amino acids in a roughly 3:2:1 ratio: glycine (45%), alanine (30%), and serine (12%); and the sequence is dominated by [Gly-Ala-Gly-Ala-Gly-Ser]n. SF chains also contain amino acids with bulky and polar side chains, in particular tyrosine, valine, and acidic amino acids . The repetitive sequence in hydrophobic residues dominates the β-sheet structure, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical forming crystalline regions in SF fibers and films. The formation of these β-sheets results in insolubility in water. Hydrophobic regions of silk fibroin in aqueous solution assemble physically by hydrophobic interactions and eventually organize into hydrogels. Silk fibroin exhibits impressive mechanical properties as well as biocompatibility
making it an attractive biomaterial and scaffold for tissue engineering. The fibroin protein is one kind of biological materials used for artificial skin and other medical applications. As a result of its biodegradability , SF was evaluated for several biomedical applications. Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical In one example , SF-based films with a thickness of 10–100μm were developed for acceleration of Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical wound healing and could be peeled off without damaging the newly formed skin. As such, the application of wound protective membranes made from SF was investigated . SF is considered a suitable material for skeletal tissue engineering because of its good oxygen and water-vapor permeability and its minimal inflammatory reaction in vivo [6, 9]. As reported previously , fibroin hydrogel scaffolds were prepared from SF Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical aqueous solution with addition of 30% glycerol to promote in situ bone regeneration. Also, SF was investigated as the substratum for the
culture of animal cells in place of collagen . In another application, the aqueous SF solution was used to prepare a membrane for immobilization of Aspergillus niger, glucose-oxidase, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical and Pseudomonas fluorescens lyophilized cells . A novel biocompatible blend  was prepared from recombinant human-like collagen (RHLC) and used as a scaffold material for hepatic tissue engineering applications. Solution blending was used to incorporate RHLC with SF to enhance the blend films biocompatibility and hydrophilicity, while maintaining elasticity. In yet another demonstration of SF utility, three-dimensional about microperiodic scaffolds for tissue engineering were produced from aqueous solutions of regenerated Bombyx mori silk . The scaffolds supported human bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) adhesion and growth. Sericin and fibroin have been recently explored in the field of drug delivery. SF was studied as an organic polymer for controlled drug http://www.selleckchem.com/products/AZD1152-HQPA.html delivery , in which dextrans of different molecular weights, as well as proteins, were physically entrapped into the drug delivery device during processing into films.