The target blood pressure may be set at a higher level for elderly patients with CKD than for buy PD0332991 younger patients with CKD, although there is
insufficient evidence at present to support this. However, tighter blood pressure control is preferable for elderly CKD patients with diabetes or proteinuria, who are at high risk of progression to ESKD and occurrence of CVD, including cerebrovascular disease. Based on these considerations, the above blood pressure targets have been recommended for elderly hypertensive patients with CKD. In elderly hypertensive patients with CKD, great care should be taken to avoid excessive reduction of blood pressure. Some studies of elderly CKD patients have demonstrated a J-curve relationship between the reduction of blood pressure and an increase in all-cause mortality and cerebrovascular morbidity. The lower limit of the target blood pressure range should be set individually for each patient according to his/her general condition, because it is currently difficult to establish the level in an empirical manner. It has been reported that CCBs slow the progression of CKD in elderly patients with CKD. In addition, the efficacy of diuretics and RAS inhibitors in reducing the
incidence of CVD in elderly patients with CKD is supported by accumulating evidence. Therefore, these antihypertensive agents have been recommended as first-line drugs. Bibliography 1. Suzuki H, et al. Clin Oxymatrine Exp Hypertens. 2001;23:189–201. (Level 4) MK-4827 research buy 2. Beckett NS, et al. N Engl J Med. 2008;358:1887–98. (Level 2) 3. Fagard RH, et al. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167:1884–91. (Level 4) 4. Gueyffier F, et al. Lancet. 1999;353:793–6. (Level 4) 5. Staessen JA, et al. Lancet. 2000;355:865–72. (Level 1) 6. Collaborative Research Group. JAMA. 1991;265:3255–64. (Level 2) 7. Pahor M, et al. Arch Intern Med. 1998;158:1340–5. (Level 2) 8. Sesso R, et al. Nephrology (Carlton).
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