Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the effect of multiple variables on postoperative hyperperfusion.
RESULTS: Transient symptoms of CHS were observed in 3 patients. Cerebral hyperperfusion was detected in 12 patients (24%) as defined by method 1 and in 9 patients (18%) by method 2. Postoperative hyperperfusion occurred significantly more frequently
in patients with the steal phenomenon (regional cerebral selleck products vasoreactivity <= 0%; P = .001 by method 1 and P = .001 by method 2) and correlated with impaired preoperative regional cerebral vasoreactivity (P < .001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that the steal phenomenon was a significant risk factor Lonafarnib manufacturer for hyperperfusion as defined by both methods 1 (P = .009) and 2 (P = .03).
CONCLUSION: The incidence of cerebral blood flow-assessed postoperative hyperperfusion after EC-IC bypass for atherosclerotic occlusive cerebrovascular diseases was not rare. Post EC-IC bypass CHS could be reduced
by continuous, strict blood pressure control under sedation.”
“BACKGROUND: Limited dorsal myeloschisis (LDM) is a distinctive form of spinal dysraphism characterized by 2 constant features: a focal “”closed”" midline defect and a fibroneural stalk that links the skin lesion to the underlying cord. The embryogenesis is hypothesized to be incomplete disjunction between cutaneous and neural ectoderms, thus preventing complete midline skin closure and allowing persistence of a physical link (fibroneural stalk) between the disjunction site and the dorsal neural tube.
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate these features in 51 LDM patients.
METHODS: All patients were studied with magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography myelography, operated on, and followed for a mean of 7.4 years.
RESULTS: There were 10 cervical, 13 thoracic, 6 thoracolumbar and 22 lumbar lesions. Two main types of skin lesion were saccular (21 patients),
consisting of a skin-base cerebrospinal fluid sac topped Inositol monophosphatase 1 with a squamous epithelial dome, and nonsaccular (30 patients), with a flat or sunken squamous epithelial crater or pit. The internal structure of a saccular LDM could be a basal neural nodule, a stalk that inserts on the dome, or a segmental myelocystocele. In nonsaccular LDMs, the fibroneural stalk has variable thickness and complexity. In all LDMs, the fibroneural stalk was tethering the cord. Twenty-nine patients had neurological deficits. There was a positive correlation between neurological grade and age, suggesting progression with chronicity. Treatment consisted of detaching the stalk from the cord. Most patients improved or remained stable.