We further examined whether BMPR-IB influences the protein find more expression of p21, p27Kip1, Skp2 and p53 by western blot analysis. We found a significant increase in the expression levels of the p21 and p27 proteins. The level of expression of the Skp2 protein, which is the specific recognition factor for p27Kip1 ubiquitination, was significantly lower in rAAV-BMPR-IB infected U87 and U251 cells compared with controls. Conversely, knock-down of BMPR-IB decreased
the protein expression of p21 and p27 and increased the protein expression of Skp2. Additionally, Cdk2 and p53 proteins showed no significant changes in response to the alterations of the expression of BMPR-IB (Figure 5B). Figure 5 Effects of altered BMPR-IB expression on the click here mRNA and protein expression of p21, CDK2, CDK4, p27Kip1, Skp2 and p53 in human glioma cell lines. (A) Real-time RT-PCR was used to reveal alterations in the mRNA expression of p21, CDK2, CDK4, p27Kip1, Skp2 and p53 (values are expressed as the mean ± SD, n = 3. *, P < 0.05). (B) Western blot analysis showed alterations in the protein expression of p21, p27Kip1, Skp2 and p53 in these cell lines. Equal protein loading was this website monitored by hybridizing the same filter membrane with anti-beta-actin antibodies.
(C) Statistical analysis of results from WB analysis. (Values are Pazopanib order expressed as the mean ± SD, n = 3. *, P < 0.05). The effects of BMPR-IB overexpression and knock-down on the tumorigenicity of human glioblastoma cells in vivo Additionally, we studied the kinetics of glioma cell growth using a subcutaneous xenograft and an intracranial xenograft in the nude mouse model system. As shown in Figure 6A, primary U251 cells and control vector-rAAV infected U251 (U251-AAV) cells (3× 106 per mouse) formed aggressive, rapidly growing tumors that reached a diameter of ≥ 8 mm within 40 days after tumor cell injection. In contrast, U251-AAV-IB cells
(3×106 per mouse) formed tiny masses (≤ 4 mm in diameter) in nude mice by day 5 after injection. However, these masses shrank and disappeared within 25 days. The masses did not grow back over the following 4 weeks (Additional file 1: Figure S 3); thus, the formation of these masses could have been the result of an inflammatory reaction to the tumor cell injections. Conversely, inhibition of BMPR-IB caused malignant SF763 glioma cells to exhibit increased growth and regain tumorigenicity in the nude mouse model system (Figure 6A, Additional file 1: Figure S 3). Figure 6 Overexpression of BMPR-IB in human glioma cells decreased tumorigenicity in vivo.