As shown in Fig 2A, CXCR7 mRNA expression was clearly detected i

As shown in Fig. 2A, CXCR7 mRNA PKC412 Expression was clearly detected in six HCC cell lines, with different amounts of CXCR7 transcripts; in particular, the expression of CXCR7 was the highest in MHCC97H and HCCLM6 cells. In addition, most of the HCC cell lines expressed both of the CXCR7 and CXCR4 (Fig. 2A). Expression of CXCR7 mRNA was also tested in HUVECs. We observed low levels of CXCR7 mRNA expression in HUVECs (Fig. 2A). Figure 2 Expression of CXCR4 and CXCR7 in HCC cell lines and HUVECs. A. RT-PCR was performed on various cell lines to determine CXCR7 and CXCR4 mRNA expression. GAPDH was used as

a control. B. Western blot analysis was performed to detect CXCR7 and CXCR4 protein expression. β-actin was used as a control to ARRY-162 molecular weight ensure equal loading. Data shown is representative of three independent experiments. C. The intensity of protein bands was

quantified and was shown as relative expression level after normalized by β-actin (n = 3, means ± SD). To determine CXCR7 protein expression, Western blot analysis was conducted Evofosfamide ic50 on protein samples derived from HUVECs and a panel of HCC cell lines. The results of Western blot analysis are similar with RT-PCR analysis. As shown in Fig. 2B and 2C, all HCC cell lines expressed CXCR7. All low aggressive cell lines (HepG2, Hep3B, SMMC-7721 and MHCC97L) had lower levels of CXCR7. In HUVECs, CXCR7 was almost undetectable. Of interest, the high aggressive cell lines (MHCC97H and HCCLM6 cells)exhibited higher levels of CXCR7 protein than did the low aggressive cell lines. These results imply the potential involvement of CXCR7 in invasion of cancer cells. The vector stably expressing CXCR7shRNA causes effective

and specific down-regulation of CXCR7 expression In order to study the potential role of CXCR7 in HCC cell lines, we Methocarbamol used pGPU6/Neo-shCXCR7 directed at nucleotides 223 to 243 of CXCR7 to selectively reduce CXCR7 expression in the SMMC-7721cells. CXCR7shRNA and scrambled shRNA were used to transfect SMMC-7721 cells. After G418 selection, the knockdown efficiencies were subsequently tested using RT-PCR and Western blot. As shown in Fig. 3A, CXCR7 mRNA levels were reduced by 85.0% in CXCR7 shRNA transfected cells, compared with the control cells. Similar to RT-PCR results, the expression level of CXCR7 protein were reduced by 80.0% in CXCR7 shRNA transfected cells (Fig. 3B). The scrambled sequence shRNA had no effect on CXCR7 expression (Fig. 3B). These results demonstrated that the expression of CXCR7 was specifically silenced in SMMC-7721 cells. Figure 3 Downregulation of CXCR7 expression in SMMC-7721 cells by transfection with CXCR7shRNA. SMMC-7721 cells were stably transfected with CXCR7shRNA. CXCR7 expression was strongly suppressed by specific CXCR7shRNA. A.

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