asoca and may be explored for probable medicinal properties In c

asoca and may be explored for probable medicinal properties. In conclusion, present study indicates

that the flower and bark of S. asoca can be considered as a good source of gallic acid and ellagic acid. This information can also be used for authentication and quality evaluation of commercial samples. This is a continuation of our previous work where we had reported the presence of gallic acid in leaves that is quantified in the present study. The results provide an encouraging suggestion for the use of S. asoca leaves as an alternative source of gallic acid throughout the year in the absence JAK inhibitor of flowering season. Moreover, we suggest using the superficial layer of the bark (which has a good antioxidant property) without harming the plant as a whole, thus stressing on the need for biodiversity conservation of such an important medicinal plant species. All authors have none to declare. The authors acknowledge Ramakrishna Mission

Quality Testing Laboratory (QTL), Vivekananda University, Narendrapur, for providing research facilities. The authors are grateful to Dr. Chhanda Mandal for her help and suggestions. Authors thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions to improve our manuscript. “
“Medicinal plants are known potential source of many phenolic compounds and antioxidants. Among these, polyphenols in particular, have been recognized for antioxidant activity and many other health benefits.1 Phenolic and flavonoids, as natural antioxidants LY294002 datasheet and free radical scavengers, have involved substantial interest due to their importance in food and pharmacological industry.2 Factors, such as geographic location, age of the plant, season, associated microflora, Bay 11-7085 nutritional status, and environmental stress are known to influence the secondary metabolite profile of a particular plant species. Seasonal variation in trees, for example from dormant to active phase, brings progressive changes in traits like production

of phytochemicals.3 Besides, optimization of methods with respect to solvent system is important for determination or extraction of the phytochemicals from any plant species. Ginkgo biloba L. (family Ginkgoaceae), commonly known as living fossil, harbors many beneficial medicinal properties. Traditionally, it has been used on an extensive basis, either as food or medicinal component, almost all over the world. The leaf extract of ginkgo contains pharmaceutically imperative flavonoids, glycosides and ginkgolides which expand blood flow, act as antioxidant and mainly used as memory enhancer and anti-vertigo. 4 The present study is focused on the evaluation of phytochemicals and antioxidants in leaf extracts of ginkgo along with the factorial analysis among locations × seasons, seasons × solvents and locations × solvents.

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